Both Dracula and American Psycho present the themes of their eras trough the use of media. Dracula is a composite of people’s journals, newspaper clippings, and epistolaries. This is a reflection of the Victorian idea of human beings finding a human connection. With the new typewriters, notes and ideas and connections are made at quicker rates. The rise in literacy and education in this time period also ensure that it is being read by more people. All this leads to a sense of a real connection to another person. By doing this, the reader gets to view Dracula as an outsider, a stranger foreigner who holds power over others by being one of the few viewpoints not present within the novel.
American Psycho uses media to create a sense of isolation. Patrick Bateman lists what’s playing at the club like it’s the soundtrack to his life. He is being stalked by Les Miserables, though he seems unaware of it. He and his friends where only the labels the media tells them the rich and powerful wear. Since they wish to be rich and powerful they wear those designers which the media latches onto, telling its consumers “Look, powerful, monied people are wearing our clothes. You should too.” and so the cycle continues. Bateman makes sure to tell the reader what was on The Patty Winters Show that morning ( I have to mention that I was a little panicked when at one point I realized didn’t know what the previous episode had been and had to flip back to the beginning of the chapter to check.). Everything is fixed. Everything is a series of instructions, rules and patterns whose entire purpose is to perpetuate itself, rather than bring people together or perpetuate communication. Unlike Dracula, there is no sense of connecting to others, only doing what one s told. It brings a suffocating sense of isolation, and isolation will turn so people mad. Bateman’s madness is more exacerbated by the isolation, leading to the first killings.
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